Academically Speaking (04) | 學術淺談
In the age of fake-news and alternative facts, it’s more important than ever for the LGBT+ community, especially those with access to empirically proven and scientifically sound data, to debunk, counter, and clarify myths, stereotypes and misinformation about LGBT+. This quarterly segment compiles and shares some in-depth evidence-based articles written by professional academics and leading authorities that are easy and fun to read.
No Difference In Outcome of Children Raised By Gay Parents Or Straight Parents
In one study, researchers compared a group of twenty-five year-olds who had all been raised by same-sex couples to a sample of typical US twenty-five year-olds matched on sex, class, gender and ethnic background. They found that the cohort raised by same-sex couples were just as happy in their relationships with their friends and family as those raised by straight couples. In another study published in Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, Italian scientists found that the psychological adjustment in children of same-sex parents is the same for kids of heterosexual parents.
A new report from the Human Right Campaign reveals that nearly half of all LGBTQ employees in the United States are not out at work. 46% of LGBTQ employees stay closeted in the workplace because they are afraid of being stereotyped, damaging business relationships or making folks feel ‘uncomfortable.’ Of the straight respondents, half said there aren’t any LGBTQ employees at their place of employment.
A new study says that the brain waves of transgender people matches their gender identity and not their biological sex. Belgian neurologist Julie Bakker of the University of Liege conducted a study in which her team used MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) tests to examine the brains of participants. The results found that 160 participants with gender dysphoria, the medical term for experiencing discomfort or distress because one’s biological sex does not fit their gender identity aka being transgender, had similar brain structures and neurological patterns as people of their aligning gender identity.
Contrary to old stereotypes about lesbians, women in same-sex relationships are twice as likely to break up than men in same-sex relationships and 1.5 times as more likely to break up than opposite-sex couples, according to a new study published in Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice. The study also determined that there was no difference in the rate of same-sex couple break-ups between those who’d legalized their relationship and those who had not. The study is the first to look at heterosexual and same-sex couples over a long period of time since full rights and benefits were extended to same-sex couples.
Thailand can become a leader in the economic inclusion of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex (LGBTI) people, so all Thai people can share equally in the country’s opportunities and prosperity, according to a new report, Economic Inclusion of LGBTI Groups in Thailand, prepared by the World Bank, in partnership with the Faculty of Learning Sciences and Education, Thammasat University, Love Frankie, and the Nordic Trust Fund.
In a published paper on human sexuality, researchers from Cornell University and the University of Essex brought more findings to light, suggesting absolute, rigid heterosexuality may not exist. Male and female volunteers were examined as they watched pornographic videos featuring either gender. It found that straight-identifying women's eyes dilated while watching porn that involved a man and a woman, as well as porn that involved two women. Thus this study suggest that women are, on average, physiologically sexually aroused to both male and female sexual stimuli.
(翻譯： Kurtis ；編輯：Alexis and Lili W.)